抗癌教授的最後一場演講 Randy Pausch

--(朱學恆的中譯前導)--


~~(以下是演說內文)~~
[responding to a standing ovation] Make me earn it. [laughter]
It’s wonderful to be here. What Indira didn’t tell you is that this lecture series used to be called the
Last Lecture. If you had one last lecture to give before you died, what would it be? I thought, damn,
I finally nailed the venue and they renamed it. [laughter]
So, you know, in case there’s anybody who wandered in and doesn’t know the back story, my dad
always taught me that when there’s an elephant in the room, introduce them. If you look at my CAT
scans, there are approximately 10 tumors in my liver, and the doctors told me 3-6 months of good
health left. That was a month ago, so you can do the math. I have some of the best doctors in the
world. Microphone’s not working? Then I’ll just have to talk louder. [Adjusts mic] Is that good? All
right. So that is what it is. We can’t change it, and we just have to decide how we’re going to
respond to that. We cannot change the cards we are dealt, just how we play the hand. If I don’t
seem as depressed or morose as I should be, sorry to disappoint you. [laughter] And I assure you I
am not in denial. It’s not like I’m not aware of what’s going on. My family, my three kids, my wife,
we just decamped. We bought a lovely house in Virginia, and we’re doing that because that’s a
better place for the family to be, down the road. And the other thing is I am in phenomenally good
health right now. I mean it’s the greatest thing of cognitive dissonance you will ever see is the fact
that I am in really good shape. In fact, I am in better shape than most of you. [Randy gets on the
ground and starts doing pushups] [Applause] So anybody who wants to cry or pity me can down and
do a few of those, and then you may pity me. [laughter]
All right, so what we’re not talking about today, we are not talking about cancer, because I spent a
lot of time talking about that and I’m really not interested. If you have any herbal supplements or
remedies, please stay away from me. [laughter] And we’re not going to talk about things that are
even more important than achieving your childhood dreams. We’re not going to talk about my wife,
we’re not talking about my kids. Because I’m good, but I’m not good enough to talk about that
P a u s c h P a g e | 4
without tearing up. So, we’re just going to take that off the table. That’s much more important.
And we’re not going to talk about spirituality and religion, although I will tell you that I have
achieved a deathbed conversion. [dramatic pause] … I just bought a Macintosh. [laughter and
clapping] Now I knew I’d get 9% of the audience with that … All right, so what is today’s talk about
then? It’s about my childhood dreams and how I have achieved them. I’ve been very fortunate that
way. How I believe I’ve been able to enable the dreams of others, and to some degree, lessons
learned. I’m a professor, there should be some lessons learned and how you can use the stuff you
hear today to achieve your dreams or enable the dreams of others. And as you get older, you may
find that “enabling the dreams of others” thing is even more fun.
So what were my childhood dreams? Well, you know, I had a really good childhood. I mean, no
kidding around. I was going back through the family archives, and what was really amazing was, I
couldn’t find any pictures of me as a kid where I wasn’t smiling. And that was just a very gratifying
thing. There was our dog, right? Aww, thank you. And there I actually have a picture of me
dreaming. I did a lot of that. You know, there’s a lot of wake up’s! I was born in 1960. When you
are 8 or 9 years old and you look at the TV set, men are landing on the moon, anything’s possible.
And that’s something we should not lose sight of, is that the inspiration and the permission to
dream is huge.
So what were my childhood dreams? You may not agree with this list, but I was there. [laughter]
Being in zero gravity, playing in the National Football League, authoring an article in the World Book
Encyclopedia – I guess you can tell the nerds early. [laughter] Being Captain Kirk, anybody here have
that childhood dream? Not at CMU, nooooo. I wanted to become one of the guys who won the big
stuffed animals in the amusement park, and I wanted to be an Imagineer with Disney. These are not
sorted in any particular order, although I think they do get harder, except for maybe the first one.
OK, so being in zero gravity. Now it’s important to have specific dreams. I did not dream of being an
astronaut, because when I was a little kid, I wore glasses and they told me oh, astronauts can’t have
glasses. And I was like, mmm, I didn’t really want the whole astronaut gig, I just wanted the floating.
So, and as a child [laughter], prototype 0.0. [slide shown of Randy as a child lying in floatingformation
on a table top] But that didn’t work so well, and it turns out that NASA has something
called the Vomit Comet that they used to train the astronauts. And this thing does parabolic arcs,
and at the top of each arc you get about 25 seconds where you’re ballistic and you get about, a
rough equivalent of weightlessness for about 25 seconds. And there is a program where college
students can submit proposals and if they win the competition, they get to fly. And I thought that
was really cool, and we had a team and we put a team together and they won and they got to fly.
And I was all excited because I was going to go with them. And then I hit the first brick wall, because
they made it very clear that under no circumstances were faculty members allowed to fly with the
teams. I know, I was heartbroken. I was like, I worked so hard! And so I read the literature very
carefully and it turns out that NASA, it’s part of their outreach and publicity program, and it turns
out that the students were allowed to bring a local media journalist from their home town.
[laughter] And, [deep voice] Randy Pausch, web journalist. [regular voice] It’s really easy to get a
press pass! [laughter] So I called up the guys at NASA and I said, I need to know where to fax some
P a u s c h P a g e | 5
documents. And they said, what documents are you going to fax us? And I said my resignation as
the faculty advisor and my application as the journalist. And he said, that’s a little transparent, don’t
you think? And I said, yeah, but our project is virtual reality, and we’re going to bring down a whole
bunch of VR headsets and all the students from all the teams are going to experience it and all those
other real journalists are going to get to film it. Jim Foley’s [who is nodding in the audience] going
oh you bastard, yes. And the guy said, here’s the fax number. So, indeed, we kept our end of the
bargain, and that’s one of the themes that you’ll hear later on in the talk, is have something to bring
to the table, right, because that will make you more welcome. And if you’re curious about what
zero gravity looks like, hopefully the sound will be working here. [slide shows videotape from
Randy’s zero gravity experience] There I am. [laughter] You do pay the piper at the bottom. [laugher,
as the people in the video crash to the floor of the plane on the video] So, childhood dream number
one, check.
OK, let’s talk about football. My dream was to play in the National Football League. And most of
you don’t know that I actually – no. [laughter] No, I did not make it to the National Football League,
but I probably got more from that dream and not accomplishing it than I got from any of the ones
that I did accomplish. I had a coach, I signed up when I was nine years old. I was the smallest kid in
the league, by far. And I had a coach, Jim Graham, who was six-foot-four, he had played linebacker
at Penn State. He was just this hulk of a guy and he was old school. And I mean really old school.
Like he thought the forward pass was a trick play. [laughter] And he showed up for practice the first
day, and you know, there’s big hulking guy, we were all scared to death of him. And he hadn’t
brought any footballs. How are we going to have practice without any footballs? And one of the
other kids said, excuse me coach, but there’s no football. And Coach Graham said, right, how many
men are on a football field at a time? Eleven on a team, twenty-two. Coach Graham said, all right,
and how many people are touching the football at any given time? One of them. And he said, right,
so we’re going to work on what those other twenty-one guys are doing. And that’s a really good
story because it’s all about fundamentals. Fundamentals, fundamentals, fundamentals. You’ve got
to get the fundamentals down because otherwise the fancy stuff isn’t going to work. And the other
Jim Graham story I have is there was one practice where he just rode me all practice. You’re doing
this wrong, you’re doing this wrong, go back and do it again, you owe me, you’re doing push-ups
after practice. And when it was all over, one of the other assistant coaches came over and said,
yeah, Coach Graham rode you pretty hard, didn’t he? I said, yeah. He said, that’s a good thing. He
said, when you’re screwing up and nobody’s saying anything to you anymore, that means they gave
up. And that’s a lesson that stuck with me my whole life. Is that when you see yourself doing
something badly and nobody’s bothering to tell you anymore, that’s a very bad place to be. Your
critics are your ones telling you they still love you and care.
After Coach Graham, I had another coach, Coach Setliff, and he taught me a lot about the power of
enthusiasm. He did this one thing where only for one play at a time he would put people in at like
the most horrifically wrong position for them. Like all the short guys would become receivers, right?
It was just laughable. But we only went in for one play, right? And boy, the other team just never
knew what hit ‘em them. Because when you’re only doing it for one play and you’re just not where
P a u s c h P a g e | 6
you’re supposed to be, and freedom’s just another word for nothing left to lose, boy are you going
to clean somebody’s clock for that one play. And that kind of enthusiasm was great. And to this
day, I am most comfortable on a football field. I mean, it’s just one of those things where, you
know, [pulls out a football] if I’m working a hard problem, people will see me wandering the halls
with one of these things, and that’s just because, you know, when you do something young enough
and you train for it, it just becomes a part of you. And I’m very glad that football was a part of my
life. And if I didn’t get the dream of playing in the NFL, that’s OK. I’ve probably got stuff more
valuable. Because looking at what’s going on in the NFL, I’m not sure those guys are doing so great
right now.
OK, and so one of the expressions I learned at Electronic Arts, which I love, which pertains to this, is
experience is what you get when you didn’t get what you wanted. And I think that’s absolutely
lovely. And the other thing about football is we send our kids out to play football or soccer or
swimming or whatever it is, and it’s the first example of what I’m going to call a head fake, or
indirect learning. We actually don’t want our kids to learn football. I mean, yeah, it’s really nice that
I have a wonderful three-point stance and that I know how to do a chop block and all this kind of
stuff. But we send our kids out to learn much more important things. Teamwork, sportsmanship,
perseverance, etcetera, etcetera. And these kinds of head fake learning are absolutely important.
And you should keep your eye out for them because they’re everywhere.
All right. A simple one, being an author in the World Book Encyclopedia. When I was a kid, we had
the World Book Encyclopedia on the shelf. For the freshman, this is paper. … We used to have these
things called books. [laughter] And after I had become somewhat of an authority on virtual reality,
but not like a really important one, so I was at the level of people the World Book would badger.
They called me up and I wrote an article, and this is Caitlin Kelleher [shows slide of Caitlin wearing
virtual reality headset manipulating a 3D world], and there’s an article if you go to your local library
where they still have copies of the World Book. Look under V for Virtual Reality, and there it is. And
all I have to say is that having been selected to be an author in the World Book Encyclopedia, I now
believe that Wikipedia is a perfectly fine source for your information because I know what the
quality control is for real encyclopedias. They let me in.
All right, next one. [laughter] [shows slide “Being like Meeting Captain Kirk”] At a certain point you
just realize there are some things you are not going to do, so maybe you just want to stand close to
the people. And I mean, my god, what a role model for young people. [laughter] [shows slide of
Captain Kirk sitting at his control station on the Starship Enterprise] I mean, this is everything you
want to be, and what I learned that carried me forward in leadership later is that, you know, he
wasn’t the smartest guy on the ship. I mean, Spock was pretty smart and McCoy was the doctor and
Scotty was the engineer. And you sort of go, and what skill set did he have to get on this damn thing
and run it? And, you know, clearly there is this skill set called leadership, and, you know, whether or
not you like the series, there’s no doubt that there was a lot to be learned about how to lead people
by watching this guy in action. And he just had the coolest damn toys! [laughter] [shows slide of
Star Trek gadgets] I mean, my god, I just thought it was fascinating as a kid that he had this thing
[Takes out Star Trek Communicator] and he could talk to the ship with it. I just thought that was just
P a u s c h P a g e | 7
spectacular, and of course now I own one and it’s smaller. [takes out cell phone] So that’s kind of
cool.
So I got to achieve this dream. James T. Kirk, and his alter ego William Shatner, wrote a book, which
I think was actually a pretty cool book. It was with Chip Walter who is a Pittsburgh- based author
who is quite good, and they wrote a book on basically the science of Star Trek, you know, what has
come true. And they went around to the top places around the country and looked at various things
and they came here to study our virtual reality setup. And so we build a virtual reality for him, it
looks something like that. [shows slide of virtual Star Trek bridge from the 1960’s TV show] We put it
in, put it to red alert. He was a very good sport. [sarcastically] It’s not like he saw that one coming.
[laughter] And it’s really cool to meet your boyhood idol, but it’s even cooler when he comes to you
to see what cool stuff you’re doing in your lab. And that was just a great moment.
All right, winning stuffed animals. This may seem mundane to you, but when you’re a little kid and
you see the big buff guys walking around the amusement park and they’ve got all these big stuffed
animals, right? And this is my lovely wife, and I have a lot of pictures of stuffed animals I’ve won.
[laughter] [shows slides of several large stuffed animals] That’s my dad posing with one that I won.
I’ve won a lot of these animals. There’s my dad, he did win that one, to his credit. And this was just
a big part of my life and my family’s life. But you know, I can hear the cynics. In this age of digitally
manipulated images, maybe those bears really aren’t in the pictures with me, or maybe I paid
somebody five bucks to take a picture in the theme park next to the bear. And I said, how, in this
age of cynicism can I convince people? And I said, I know, I can show them the bears! Bring them
out. [several large stuffed animals are brought onto the stage] [laughter and clapping] Just put them
back against the wall.
Jai Pausch (Randy’s wife):
It’s hard to hear you. [adjusts Randy’s microphone]
Randy Pausch:
Thanks honey. [laughter] So here are some bears. We didn’t have quite enough room in the moving
truck, and anybody who would like a little piece of me at the end of this, feel free to come up and
take a bear, first come, first served.
All right, my next one. Being an Imagineer. This was the hard one. Believe me, getting to zero
gravity is easier than becoming an Imagineer. When I was a kid, I was eight years old and our family
took a trip cross-country to see Disneyland. And if you’ve ever seen the movie National Lampoon’s
Vacation, it was a lot like that! [laughter] It was a quest. [shows slides of family at Disneyland] And
these are real vintage photographs, and there I am in front of the castle. And there I am, and for
those of you who are into foreshadowing, this is the Alice ride. [laughter] And I just thought this was
just the coolest environment I had ever been in, and instead of saying, gee, I want to experience this,
I said, I want to make stuff like this. And so I bided my time and then I graduated with my Ph.D.
from Carnegie Mellon, thinking that meant me infinitely qualified to do anything. And I dashed off
P a u s c h P a g e | 8
my letters of applications to Walt Disney Imagineering, and they sent me some of the damned nicest
go-to-hell letters I have ever gotten. [laughter] I mean it was just, we have carefully reviewed your
application and presently we do not have any positions available which require your particular
qualifications. Now think about the fact that you’re getting this from a place that’s famous for guys
who sweep the street. [laughter] So that was a bit of a setback. But remember, the brick walls are
there for a reason. The brick walls are not there to keep us out. The brick walls are there to give us
a chance to show how badly we want something. Because the brick walls are there to stop the
people who don’t want it badly enough. They’re there to stop the other people.
All right, fast forward to 1991. We did a system back at the University of Virginia called Virtual
Reality on Five Dollars a Day. Just one of those unbelievable spectacular things. I was so scared
back in those days as a junior academic. Jim Foley’s here, and I just love to tell this story. He knew
my undergraduate advisor, Andy Van Dam, and I’m at my first conference and I’m just scared to
death. And this icon in the user interface community walks up to me and just out of nowhere just
gives me this huge bear hug and he says, that was from Andy. And that was when I thought, ok,
maybe I can make it. Maybe I do belong. And a similar story is that this was just this unbelievable
hit because at the time, everybody needed a half a million [dollars] to do virtual reality. And
everybody felt frustrated. And we literally hacked together a system for about five thousand dollars
in parts and made a working VR system. And people were just like, oh my god, you know, the
Hewlett Packard garage thing. This is so awesome. And so I’m giving this talk and the room has just
gone wild, and during the Q and A, a guy

抗癌教授的最後一場演講 Randy Pausch

--(朱學恆的中譯前導)--


~~(以下是演說內文)~~
[responding to a standing ovation] Make me earn it. [laughter]
It’s wonderful to be here. What Indira didn’t tell you is that this lecture series used to be called the
Last Lecture. If you had one last lecture to give before you died, what would it be? I thought, damn,
I finally nailed the venue and they renamed it. [laughter]
So, you know, in case there’s anybody who wandered in and doesn’t know the back story, my dad
always taught me that when there’s an elephant in the room, introduce them. If you look at my CAT
scans, there are approximately 10 tumors in my liver, and the doctors told me 3-6 months of good
health left. That was a month ago, so you can do the math. I have some of the best doctors in the
world. Microphone’s not working? Then I’ll just have to talk louder. [Adjusts mic] Is that good? All
right. So that is what it is. We can’t change it, and we just have to decide how we’re going to
respond to that. We cannot change the cards we are dealt, just how we play the hand. If I don’t
seem as depressed or morose as I should be, sorry to disappoint you. [laughter] And I assure you I
am not in denial. It’s not like I’m not aware of what’s going on. My family, my three kids, my wife,
we just decamped. We bought a lovely house in Virginia, and we’re doing that because that’s a
better place for the family to be, down the road. And the other thing is I am in phenomenally good
health right now. I mean it’s the greatest thing of cognitive dissonance you will ever see is the fact
that I am in really good shape. In fact, I am in better shape than most of you. [Randy gets on the
ground and starts doing pushups] [Applause] So anybody who wants to cry or pity me can down and
do a few of those, and then you may pity me. [laughter]
All right, so what we’re not talking about today, we are not talking about cancer, because I spent a
lot of time talking about that and I’m really not interested. If you have any herbal supplements or
remedies, please stay away from me. [laughter] And we’re not going to talk about things that are
even more important than achieving your childhood dreams. We’re not going to talk about my wife,
we’re not talking about my kids. Because I’m good, but I’m not good enough to talk about that
P a u s c h P a g e | 4
without tearing up. So, we’re just going to take that off the table. That’s much more important.
And we’re not going to talk about spirituality and religion, although I will tell you that I have
achieved a deathbed conversion. [dramatic pause] … I just bought a Macintosh. [laughter and
clapping] Now I knew I’d get 9% of the audience with that … All right, so what is today’s talk about
then? It’s about my childhood dreams and how I have achieved them. I’ve been very fortunate that
way. How I believe I’ve been able to enable the dreams of others, and to some degree, lessons
learned. I’m a professor, there should be some lessons learned and how you can use the stuff you
hear today to achieve your dreams or enable the dreams of others. And as you get older, you may
find that “enabling the dreams of others” thing is even more fun.
So what were my childhood dreams? Well, you know, I had a really good childhood. I mean, no
kidding around. I was going back through the family archives, and what was really amazing was, I
couldn’t find any pictures of me as a kid where I wasn’t smiling. And that was just a very gratifying
thing. There was our dog, right? Aww, thank you. And there I actually have a picture of me
dreaming. I did a lot of that. You know, there’s a lot of wake up’s! I was born in 1960. When you
are 8 or 9 years old and you look at the TV set, men are landing on the moon, anything’s possible.
And that’s something we should not lose sight of, is that the inspiration and the permission to
dream is huge.
So what were my childhood dreams? You may not agree with this list, but I was there. [laughter]
Being in zero gravity, playing in the National Football League, authoring an article in the World Book
Encyclopedia – I guess you can tell the nerds early. [laughter] Being Captain Kirk, anybody here have
that childhood dream? Not at CMU, nooooo. I wanted to become one of the guys who won the big
stuffed animals in the amusement park, and I wanted to be an Imagineer with Disney. These are not
sorted in any particular order, although I think they do get harder, except for maybe the first one.
OK, so being in zero gravity. Now it’s important to have specific dreams. I did not dream of being an
astronaut, because when I was a little kid, I wore glasses and they told me oh, astronauts can’t have
glasses. And I was like, mmm, I didn’t really want the whole astronaut gig, I just wanted the floating.
So, and as a child [laughter], prototype 0.0. [slide shown of Randy as a child lying in floatingformation
on a table top] But that didn’t work so well, and it turns out that NASA has something
called the Vomit Comet that they used to train the astronauts. And this thing does parabolic arcs,
and at the top of each arc you get about 25 seconds where you’re ballistic and you get about, a
rough equivalent of weightlessness for about 25 seconds. And there is a program where college
students can submit proposals and if they win the competition, they get to fly. And I thought that
was really cool, and we had a team and we put a team together and they won and they got to fly.
And I was all excited because I was going to go with them. And then I hit the first brick wall, because
they made it very clear that under no circumstances were faculty members allowed to fly with the
teams. I know, I was heartbroken. I was like, I worked so hard! And so I read the literature very
carefully and it turns out that NASA, it’s part of their outreach and publicity program, and it turns
out that the students were allowed to bring a local media journalist from their home town.
[laughter] And, [deep voice] Randy Pausch, web journalist. [regular voice] It’s really easy to get a
press pass! [laughter] So I called up the guys at NASA and I said, I need to know where to fax some
P a u s c h P a g e | 5
documents. And they said, what documents are you going to fax us? And I said my resignation as
the faculty advisor and my application as the journalist. And he said, that’s a little transparent, don’t
you think? And I said, yeah, but our project is virtual reality, and we’re going to bring down a whole
bunch of VR headsets and all the students from all the teams are going to experience it and all those
other real journalists are going to get to film it. Jim Foley’s [who is nodding in the audience] going
oh you bastard, yes. And the guy said, here’s the fax number. So, indeed, we kept our end of the
bargain, and that’s one of the themes that you’ll hear later on in the talk, is have something to bring
to the table, right, because that will make you more welcome. And if you’re curious about what
zero gravity looks like, hopefully the sound will be working here. [slide shows videotape from
Randy’s zero gravity experience] There I am. [laughter] You do pay the piper at the bottom. [laugher,
as the people in the video crash to the floor of the plane on the video] So, childhood dream number
one, check.
OK, let’s talk about football. My dream was to play in the National Football League. And most of
you don’t know that I actually – no. [laughter] No, I did not make it to the National Football League,
but I probably got more from that dream and not accomplishing it than I got from any of the ones
that I did accomplish. I had a coach, I signed up when I was nine years old. I was the smallest kid in
the league, by far. And I had a coach, Jim Graham, who was six-foot-four, he had played linebacker
at Penn State. He was just this hulk of a guy and he was old school. And I mean really old school.
Like he thought the forward pass was a trick play. [laughter] And he showed up for practice the first
day, and you know, there’s big hulking guy, we were all scared to death of him. And he hadn’t
brought any footballs. How are we going to have practice without any footballs? And one of the
other kids said, excuse me coach, but there’s no football. And Coach Graham said, right, how many
men are on a football field at a time? Eleven on a team, twenty-two. Coach Graham said, all right,
and how many people are touching the football at any given time? One of them. And he said, right,
so we’re going to work on what those other twenty-one guys are doing. And that’s a really good
story because it’s all about fundamentals. Fundamentals, fundamentals, fundamentals. You’ve got
to get the fundamentals down because otherwise the fancy stuff isn’t going to work. And the other
Jim Graham story I have is there was one practice where he just rode me all practice. You’re doing
this wrong, you’re doing this wrong, go back and do it again, you owe me, you’re doing push-ups
after practice. And when it was all over, one of the other assistant coaches came over and said,
yeah, Coach Graham rode you pretty hard, didn’t he? I said, yeah. He said, that’s a good thing. He
said, when you’re screwing up and nobody’s saying anything to you anymore, that means they gave
up. And that’s a lesson that stuck with me my whole life. Is that when you see yourself doing
something badly and nobody’s bothering to tell you anymore, that’s a very bad place to be. Your
critics are your ones telling you they still love you and care.
After Coach Graham, I had another coach, Coach Setliff, and he taught me a lot about the power of
enthusiasm. He did this one thing where only for one play at a time he would put people in at like
the most horrifically wrong position for them. Like all the short guys would become receivers, right?
It was just laughable. But we only went in for one play, right? And boy, the other team just never
knew what hit ‘em them. Because when you’re only doing it for one play and you’re just not where
P a u s c h P a g e | 6
you’re supposed to be, and freedom’s just another word for nothing left to lose, boy are you going
to clean somebody’s clock for that one play. And that kind of enthusiasm was great. And to this
day, I am most comfortable on a football field. I mean, it’s just one of those things where, you
know, [pulls out a football] if I’m working a hard problem, people will see me wandering the halls
with one of these things, and that’s just because, you know, when you do something young enough
and you train for it, it just becomes a part of you. And I’m very glad that football was a part of my
life. And if I didn’t get the dream of playing in the NFL, that’s OK. I’ve probably got stuff more
valuable. Because looking at what’s going on in the NFL, I’m not sure those guys are doing so great
right now.
OK, and so one of the expressions I learned at Electronic Arts, which I love, which pertains to this, is
experience is what you get when you didn’t get what you wanted. And I think that’s absolutely
lovely. And the other thing about football is we send our kids out to play football or soccer or
swimming or whatever it is, and it’s the first example of what I’m going to call a head fake, or
indirect learning. We actually don’t want our kids to learn football. I mean, yeah, it’s really nice that
I have a wonderful three-point stance and that I know how to do a chop block and all this kind of
stuff. But we send our kids out to learn much more important things. Teamwork, sportsmanship,
perseverance, etcetera, etcetera. And these kinds of head fake learning are absolutely important.
And you should keep your eye out for them because they’re everywhere.
All right. A simple one, being an author in the World Book Encyclopedia. When I was a kid, we had
the World Book Encyclopedia on the shelf. For the freshman, this is paper. … We used to have these
things called books. [laughter] And after I had become somewhat of an authority on virtual reality,
but not like a really important one, so I was at the level of people the World Book would badger.
They called me up and I wrote an article, and this is Caitlin Kelleher [shows slide of Caitlin wearing
virtual reality headset manipulating a 3D world], and there’s an article if you go to your local library
where they still have copies of the World Book. Look under V for Virtual Reality, and there it is. And
all I have to say is that having been selected to be an author in the World Book Encyclopedia, I now
believe that Wikipedia is a perfectly fine source for your information because I know what the
quality control is for real encyclopedias. They let me in.
All right, next one. [laughter] [shows slide “Being like Meeting Captain Kirk”] At a certain point you
just realize there are some things you are not going to do, so maybe you just want to stand close to
the people. And I mean, my god, what a role model for young people. [laughter] [shows slide of
Captain Kirk sitting at his control station on the Starship Enterprise] I mean, this is everything you
want to be, and what I learned that carried me forward in leadership later is that, you know, he
wasn’t the smartest guy on the ship. I mean, Spock was pretty smart and McCoy was the doctor and
Scotty was the engineer. And you sort of go, and what skill set did he have to get on this damn thing
and run it? And, you know, clearly there is this skill set called leadership, and, you know, whether or
not you like the series, there’s no doubt that there was a lot to be learned about how to lead people
by watching this guy in action. And he just had the coolest damn toys! [laughter] [shows slide of
Star Trek gadgets] I mean, my god, I just thought it was fascinating as a kid that he had this thing
[Takes out Star Trek Communicator] and he could talk to the ship with it. I just thought that was just
P a u s c h P a g e | 7
spectacular, and of course now I own one and it’s smaller. [takes out cell phone] So that’s kind of
cool.
So I got to achieve this dream. James T. Kirk, and his alter ego William Shatner, wrote a book, which
I think was actually a pretty cool book. It was with Chip Walter who is a Pittsburgh- based author
who is quite good, and they wrote a book on basically the science of Star Trek, you know, what has
come true. And they went around to the top places around the country and looked at various things
and they came here to study our virtual reality setup. And so we build a virtual reality for him, it
looks something like that. [shows slide of virtual Star Trek bridge from the 1960’s TV show] We put it
in, put it to red alert. He was a very good sport. [sarcastically] It’s not like he saw that one coming.
[laughter] And it’s really cool to meet your boyhood idol, but it’s even cooler when he comes to you
to see what cool stuff you’re doing in your lab. And that was just a great moment.
All right, winning stuffed animals. This may seem mundane to you, but when you’re a little kid and
you see the big buff guys walking around the amusement park and they’ve got all these big stuffed
animals, right? And this is my lovely wife, and I have a lot of pictures of stuffed animals I’ve won.
[laughter] [shows slides of several large stuffed animals] That’s my dad posing with one that I won.
I’ve won a lot of these animals. There’s my dad, he did win that one, to his credit. And this was just
a big part of my life and my family’s life. But you know, I can hear the cynics. In this age of digitally
manipulated images, maybe those bears really aren’t in the pictures with me, or maybe I paid
somebody five bucks to take a picture in the theme park next to the bear. And I said, how, in this
age of cynicism can I convince people? And I said, I know, I can show them the bears! Bring them
out. [several large stuffed animals are brought onto the stage] [laughter and clapping] Just put them
back against the wall.
Jai Pausch (Randy’s wife):
It’s hard to hear you. [adjusts Randy’s microphone]
Randy Pausch:
Thanks honey. [laughter] So here are some bears. We didn’t have quite enough room in the moving
truck, and anybody who would like a little piece of me at the end of this, feel free to come up and
take a bear, first come, first served.
All right, my next one. Being an Imagineer. This was the hard one. Believe me, getting to zero
gravity is easier than becoming an Imagineer. When I was a kid, I was eight years old and our family
took a trip cross-country to see Disneyland. And if you’ve ever seen the movie National Lampoon’s
Vacation, it was a lot like that! [laughter] It was a quest. [shows slides of family at Disneyland] And
these are real vintage photographs, and there I am in front of the castle. And there I am, and for
those of you who are into foreshadowing, this is the Alice ride. [laughter] And I just thought this was
just the coolest environment I had ever been in, and instead of saying, gee, I want to experience this,
I said, I want to make stuff like this. And so I bided my time and then I graduated with my Ph.D.
from Carnegie Mellon, thinking that meant me infinitely qualified to do anything. And I dashed off
P a u s c h P a g e | 8
my letters of applications to Walt Disney Imagineering, and they sent me some of the damned nicest
go-to-hell letters I have ever gotten. [laughter] I mean it was just, we have carefully reviewed your
application and presently we do not have any positions available which require your particular
qualifications. Now think about the fact that you’re getting this from a place that’s famous for guys
who sweep the street. [laughter] So that was a bit of a setback. But remember, the brick walls are
there for a reason. The brick walls are not there to keep us out. The brick walls are there to give us
a chance to show how badly we want something. Because the brick walls are there to stop the
people who don’t want it badly enough. They’re there to stop the other people.
All right, fast forward to 1991. We did a system back at the University of Virginia called Virtual
Reality on Five Dollars a Day. Just one of those unbelievable spectacular things. I was so scared
back in those days as a junior academic. Jim Foley’s here, and I just love to tell this story. He knew
my undergraduate advisor, Andy Van Dam, and I’m at my first conference and I’m just scared to
death. And this icon in the user interface community walks up to me and just out of nowhere just
gives me this huge bear hug and he says, that was from Andy. And that was when I thought, ok,
maybe I can make it. Maybe I do belong. And a similar story is that this was just this unbelievable
hit because at the time, everybody needed a half a million [dollars] to do virtual reality. And
everybody felt frustrated. And we literally hacked together a system for about five thousand dollars
in parts and made a working VR system. And people were just like, oh my god, you know, the
Hewlett Packard garage thing. This is so awesome. And so I’m giving this talk and the room has just
gone wild, and during the Q and A, a guy

繼續閲讀

[英文A] 本週進程

 
Remember to preview another 35 pages fot next Tue's handout discussion based on our course schedule.



繼續下一個35頁的預習,下次上課一樣是PPT作內容探討,
按照課程進度是《The Last Lecture》Page36~72.



不過我記得有聽到內文引申出"What about my chlidhood dream?"
看樣子應該是要提交書面資料給Wang ,Ph.D,作為期中考試依據。



習慣這種課程之後,原先週三的「實用」變得平安又保清吉,
義大利文我繼續修,看到時候英文會不會崩壞XD

繼續閲讀

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皮克斯大佬John Lasseter的七大創意原則

 

[轉載] 最近皮克斯大佬,動畫界傳奇John Lasseter在接受一家德國媒體《南方德國報》採訪時,
暢談了他所謂堅持的「七大創意原則」,他表示這七大原則是他實現其動畫電影創作目標的根源所在。

2月號的業界知名雜誌《動畫》(Animation Magzine)刊登了這「七大創意原則」的英文版本,
小編拜讀後激動不已,為大家獻上自己翻譯的中文版,個人水平有限,疏漏之處敬請原諒,
或許就是這「七大創意原則」使得20多年前不起眼的皮克斯有了今天的巨大成功。

關於John Lasseter:皮克斯創始人之一。
《玩具總動員》《蟲蟲危機》《玩具總動員2》《汽車總動員》和多部皮克斯動畫短片的導演,
皮克斯所有作品的監製。2006年迪士尼收購皮克斯後被任命為迪士尼動畫部首席創意官,
迪士尼樂園首席幻想工程師,同時保留皮克斯動畫工作室裡的職務,
2009年威尼斯電影節決定授予John Lasseter終身成就獎已表彰他對動畫界做出的貢獻。
多家媒體甚至稱John Lasseter是動畫界今日的華特迪士尼。




原則之一:永遠不要只抱著一個點子。

「不管你是去寫一本書,還是去設計一件傢俱,又或是像我一樣去製作一部動畫電影,
一開始,你不能只抱著一個點子,你至少應該有三個點子在腦袋中。這麼做的原因非常簡單,
如果一個製片人只向我提議一個新的製作企劃項目,那麼他肯定為這個項目絞盡腦汁,鑽研了太久了,
這無疑限制了他的想像力。我給他的回答是非常簡單的,等你同時想出了三個企劃項目的時候再來找我,
而且我不是意味著這三個是一個出色的,兩個糟糕的。我的要求是這三個都非常好的點子
——好到你自己都難以評判哪個是最好的一個。然後,我們再坐下來決定你會實現你的哪一個想法。」

「有創意的人經常會全神貫注的研究自己的一個想法,
而這麼做帶來的後果就是他們從一開始就限制了自己的選擇的空間。
我認為每個有創意的人都應該去考慮同時去企劃三個點子的做法。
你會驚訝的發現這樣做會使你去思考你之前從沒有思考的東西,
你必然會發現新大陸。並且,請相信我,這個世界上永遠同時會有三個好點子供你去思考。」



原則之二:記住創作過程中的第一次歡笑。

「創作過程中所面臨的一個巨大問題就是你怎麼去完善自己的想法。
使得你的主意盡善盡美無疑是非常重要的,但是這麼做也會帶來一些危險。
當你有一個故事,一個點子或是一個笑話,你把它們記錄下來,
它們對你的影響力是會隨著時光的推移而不斷減弱的。
很簡單,當你第二次聽到同一個笑話時,你或許還會真誠的歡笑,
但是到了第三,第四次,你或許只能偶爾笑笑了,當你聽這個笑話聽到第一百次的時候,
不管這個笑話本身有多好,你會討厭它。」



原則之三:質量是最大的商業計劃

「有一個我永遠都不會妥協的重要原則,那就是無論製作週期或是經費上的限制,
一旦你有了一個更棒的想法,你就要重頭來過,重做一遍。你必須這麼做
在任何一個創意產業,從長期考慮,質量是唯一的商業計劃。許多管理者不能夠理解這點
但是觀眾們深深明白。創作過程只有等真正有創意的人說完成的時候它才算完成,
這不代表創作人沒有壓力。壓力是永遠都有的,但是每一個創作者都應該擁有最後的決定權!」

「所以我對我的創作者們說,一定要記住你們創作過程中的第一次歡笑,有必要的話要寫下來。
也許有時這是一件麻煩的事情,但它無疑是重要的。很多情況下,
好的點子流失就是因為人們忘了他們第一次聽到這個好點子時的反應。」



原則之四:團隊就是一切。

「一個關鍵的問題到底是團隊還是個人更具有創意。
我的回答是,在大多是情況下,是團隊。作為一個管理者,廢除一個團隊裡的任何等級制度是我的責任,
對我們來說很重要的一條規則就是到底是哪一個個體想出了這個點子並不重要。
一個團隊的確必須真誠的,直接的,努力去幫助每一個創意個體,但是你還是要記住,團隊就是一切。」



原則之五:快樂激發創意,而不是競爭。

「曾有不少人這麼認為,當你把兩個不能互相容忍對方的人放在一起,借助他們之間的消極對抗競爭,
或許你就會得到一個偉大的創意。我個人不同意這樣的看法,我認為合作,自信和快樂才是創意的締造者。
有創意的人需要相信每一個參與者對他們都有極大的信任才能製造出一部偉大的電影。
有創意的人很容易感覺無聊,他們十分情緒化。你必須想盡辦法去為他們創造快樂,去關心他們。
有創意的人只有當你創造性的去挑戰他們的時候才能貢獻出偉大的創意。作為管理者,
你的一大任務就是使得有創意的人衷心熱愛他們正在做的東西,讓他們為自己作為某項計劃的一分子而感到自豪
你必須要經常的給有創意的人有創造性的挑戰,這是一項相當艱巨的任務。不過反過來說,
沒人認為管理有創意的人是一件簡單的事情。」



原則之六:創意品的輸出永遠能反映出這個公司高層的實質。

「一個不夠格的管理者會阻礙創作過程的進行。
一個到處使壞脾氣,禁止他的員工玩樂的管理者無疑會削弱這個團隊的創造力,並且傷害到整個團隊的凝聚力。
我肯定的炒掉這樣一個管理者,我沒有錢去冒這個風險,讓他傷害到我的生意。」



原則之七:讓你自己被你所相信的創意人員所包圍。

「只把那些你認為和你一樣有天賦或者比你更有天賦的人帶入你的創作團隊(如果他們願意並且好性情的話)。
許多管理者認為僱傭那些比他們更有天賦的人會使得他們在團隊中的位置不穩,有不安全感。
我要說的是不安全感是不可能和創造力共存的。許多管理者讓他們的周圍佈滿了那些聽從自己指示的人,
其帶來的結果就是他們只能給觀眾帶來一部糟糕的電影
。」




皮克斯大佬John Lasseter的七大創意原則

 

[轉載] 最近皮克斯大佬,動畫界傳奇John Lasseter在接受一家德國媒體《南方德國報》採訪時,
暢談了他所謂堅持的「七大創意原則」,他表示這七大原則是他實現其動畫電影創作目標的根源所在。

2月號的業界知名雜誌《動畫》(Animation Magzine)刊登了這「七大創意原則」的英文版本,
小編拜讀後激動不已,為大家獻上自己翻譯的中文版,個人水平有限,疏漏之處敬請原諒,
或許就是這「七大創意原則」使得20多年前不起眼的皮克斯有了今天的巨大成功。

關於John Lasseter:皮克斯創始人之一。
《玩具總動員》《蟲蟲危機》《玩具總動員2》《汽車總動員》和多部皮克斯動畫短片的導演,
皮克斯所有作品的監製。2006年迪士尼收購皮克斯後被任命為迪士尼動畫部首席創意官,
迪士尼樂園首席幻想工程師,同時保留皮克斯動畫工作室裡的職務,
2009年威尼斯電影節決定授予John Lasseter終身成就獎已表彰他對動畫界做出的貢獻。
多家媒體甚至稱John Lasseter是動畫界今日的華特迪士尼。




原則之一:永遠不要只抱著一個點子。

「不管你是去寫一本書,還是去設計一件傢俱,又或是像我一樣去製作一部動畫電影,
一開始,你不能只抱著一個點子,你至少應該有三個點子在腦袋中。這麼做的原因非常簡單,
如果一個製片人只向我提議一個新的製作企劃項目,那麼他肯定為這個項目絞盡腦汁,鑽研了太久了,
這無疑限制了他的想像力。我給他的回答是非常簡單的,等你同時想出了三個企劃項目的時候再來找我,
而且我不是意味著這三個是一個出色的,兩個糟糕的。我的要求是這三個都非常好的點子
——好到你自己都難以評判哪個是最好的一個。然後,我們再坐下來決定你會實現你的哪一個想法。」

「有創意的人經常會全神貫注的研究自己的一個想法,
而這麼做帶來的後果就是他們從一開始就限制了自己的選擇的空間。
我認為每個有創意的人都應該去考慮同時去企劃三個點子的做法。
你會驚訝的發現這樣做會使你去思考你之前從沒有思考的東西,
你必然會發現新大陸。並且,請相信我,這個世界上永遠同時會有三個好點子供你去思考。」



原則之二:記住創作過程中的第一次歡笑。

「創作過程中所面臨的一個巨大問題就是你怎麼去完善自己的想法。
使得你的主意盡善盡美無疑是非常重要的,但是這麼做也會帶來一些危險。
當你有一個故事,一個點子或是一個笑話,你把它們記錄下來,
它們對你的影響力是會隨著時光的推移而不斷減弱的。
很簡單,當你第二次聽到同一個笑話時,你或許還會真誠的歡笑,
但是到了第三,第四次,你或許只能偶爾笑笑了,當你聽這個笑話聽到第一百次的時候,
不管這個笑話本身有多好,你會討厭它。」



原則之三:質量是最大的商業計劃

「有一個我永遠都不會妥協的重要原則,那就是無論製作週期或是經費上的限制,
一旦你有了一個更棒的想法,你就要重頭來過,重做一遍。你必須這麼做
在任何一個創意產業,從長期考慮,質量是唯一的商業計劃。許多管理者不能夠理解這點
但是觀眾們深深明白。創作過程只有等真正有創意的人說完成的時候它才算完成,
這不代表創作人沒有壓力。壓力是永遠都有的,但是每一個創作者都應該擁有最後的決定權!」

「所以我對我的創作者們說,一定要記住你們創作過程中的第一次歡笑,有必要的話要寫下來。
也許有時這是一件麻煩的事情,但它無疑是重要的。很多情況下,
好的點子流失就是因為人們忘了他們第一次聽到這個好點子時的反應。」



原則之四:團隊就是一切。

「一個關鍵的問題到底是團隊還是個人更具有創意。
我的回答是,在大多是情況下,是團隊。作為一個管理者,廢除一個團隊裡的任何等級制度是我的責任,
對我們來說很重要的一條規則就是到底是哪一個個體想出了這個點子並不重要。
一個團隊的確必須真誠的,直接的,努力去幫助每一個創意個體,但是你還是要記住,團隊就是一切。」



原則之五:快樂激發創意,而不是競爭。

「曾有不少人這麼認為,當你把兩個不能互相容忍對方的人放在一起,借助他們之間的消極對抗競爭,
或許你就會得到一個偉大的創意。我個人不同意這樣的看法,我認為合作,自信和快樂才是創意的締造者。
有創意的人需要相信每一個參與者對他們都有極大的信任才能製造出一部偉大的電影。
有創意的人很容易感覺無聊,他們十分情緒化。你必須想盡辦法去為他們創造快樂,去關心他們。
有創意的人只有當你創造性的去挑戰他們的時候才能貢獻出偉大的創意。作為管理者,
你的一大任務就是使得有創意的人衷心熱愛他們正在做的東西,讓他們為自己作為某項計劃的一分子而感到自豪
你必須要經常的給有創意的人有創造性的挑戰,這是一項相當艱巨的任務。不過反過來說,
沒人認為管理有創意的人是一件簡單的事情。」



原則之六:創意品的輸出永遠能反映出這個公司高層的實質。

「一個不夠格的管理者會阻礙創作過程的進行。
一個到處使壞脾氣,禁止他的員工玩樂的管理者無疑會削弱這個團隊的創造力,並且傷害到整個團隊的凝聚力。
我肯定的炒掉這樣一個管理者,我沒有錢去冒這個風險,讓他傷害到我的生意。」



原則之七:讓你自己被你所相信的創意人員所包圍。

「只把那些你認為和你一樣有天賦或者比你更有天賦的人帶入你的創作團隊(如果他們願意並且好性情的話)。
許多管理者認為僱傭那些比他們更有天賦的人會使得他們在團隊中的位置不穩,有不安全感。
我要說的是不安全感是不可能和創造力共存的。許多管理者讓他們的周圍佈滿了那些聽從自己指示的人,
其帶來的結果就是他們只能給觀眾帶來一部糟糕的電影
。」




《葉問》觀後



雖然被很多人稱為類似《霍元甲》的軸向,但葉問真的不一樣...


「激盪人心不需要太多臉部演技與澎湃情緒,
如果你曾經習過武,就會理解這種感動。」


雖然找池內博之演日本將軍真的太年輕,他對我的印象還停留在高中時代演《純愛手札》時的年輕人角色...
不過與《霍》片不同的地方,《葉問》並沒有太大的家變波動,卻能夠靠著雙拳的藝術來讓人體會武術之美,
對應大時代的洪流反撲,你將會發覺,與葉問相同的早期宗師,與一些大師級的人士不同,
宗祖輩的果然有神格般的存在,武術內斂與修心,達到像《天上天下》一般的「真之武」概念之名,


《葉問》中,甄子丹給我的感覺還停留在《刀鋒戰士2》裡頭的中國超屌不說話吸血鬼角色裡,
雖然也看過他的其他作品,但我還是覺得《葉問》在詮釋武術當中的精要...實在是真的非常成功。
樊少皇的部份,從外地來的拳師角色,於本作中象徵著南北拳派間的高下競爭角色,雖然最後變成了土匪,
不過...很多人沒看過他以前的早期作品,早期還在VHS的時代...《力王》是由漫畫改編的一步鉅作!
樊少皇就是當時的主角,可能李小龍熱仍在發揚,所以當時的英雄就是要穿黑褲功夫鞋+赤身裸體...才夠MAN嘛~!!!XD


雖然不擔心本片重新激起濃厚的反日情緒,但歷史的呈現上務必要用更宏觀的角度來審閱,
那是那個時候發生的事,而且與之相較更甚,很多你讀不到的史實,其實上了大學相關課程都會提及,
所以我覺得《黃石任務》之類的特殊歷史劇都非常的有幫助,那類你所不知道的一段往事...。


裡頭詮釋1935年佛山成立數家武術拳館,拳武之流達成盛世,隨著日軍侵華的戰爭驟變,
主人公一家從寬裕到貧困,仍能保持樂觀與堅強,裡頭不泛親日的警察機構體系乃至於演變成軍方身邊翻譯人員的角色,
任達華的商人角色也讓我想起《霍》片中的農勁蓀,對於主角有著不可獲缺的協助關係,
不過那個飾演翻譯人員的親日角色也讓人相當的在意,你會發覺他們為了顧全大局;會做些「權宜性」的翻譯,
他們也是構成這段歷史的要角,在這當中發揮了屬於他們的人性光輝...。

《葉問》觀後



雖然被很多人稱為類似《霍元甲》的軸向,但葉問真的不一樣...


「激盪人心不需要太多臉部演技與澎湃情緒,
如果你曾經習過武,就會理解這種感動。」


雖然找池內博之演日本將軍真的太年輕,他對我的印象還停留在高中時代演《純愛手札》時的年輕人角色...
不過與《霍》片不同的地方,《葉問》並沒有太大的家變波動,卻能夠靠著雙拳的藝術來讓人體會武術之美,
對應大時代的洪流反撲,你將會發覺,與葉問相同的早期宗師,與一些大師級的人士不同,
宗祖輩的果然有神格般的存在,武術內斂與修心,達到像《天上天下》一般的「真之武」概念之名,


《葉問》中,甄子丹給我的感覺還停留在《刀鋒戰士2》裡頭的中國超屌不說話吸血鬼角色裡,
雖然也看過他的其他作品,但我還是覺得《葉問》在詮釋武術當中的精要...實在是真的非常成功。
樊少皇的部份,從外地來的拳師角色,於本作中象徵著南北拳派間的高下競爭角色,雖然最後變成了土匪,
不過...很多人沒看過他以前的早期作品,早期還在VHS的時代...《力王》是由漫畫改編的一步鉅作!
樊少皇就是當時的主角,可能李小龍熱仍在發揚,所以當時的英雄就是要穿黑褲功夫鞋+赤身裸體...才夠MAN嘛~!!!XD


雖然不擔心本片重新激起濃厚的反日情緒,但歷史的呈現上務必要用更宏觀的角度來審閱,
那是那個時候發生的事,而且與之相較更甚,很多你讀不到的史實,其實上了大學相關課程都會提及,
所以我覺得《黃石任務》之類的特殊歷史劇都非常的有幫助,那類你所不知道的一段往事...。


裡頭詮釋1935年佛山成立數家武術拳館,拳武之流達成盛世,隨著日軍侵華的戰爭驟變,
主人公一家從寬裕到貧困,仍能保持樂觀與堅強,裡頭不泛親日的警察機構體系乃至於演變成軍方身邊翻譯人員的角色,
任達華的商人角色也讓我想起《霍》片中的農勁蓀,對於主角有著不可獲缺的協助關係,
不過那個飾演翻譯人員的親日角色也讓人相當的在意,你會發覺他們為了顧全大局;會做些「權宜性」的翻譯,
他們也是構成這段歷史的要角,在這當中發揮了屬於他們的人性光輝...。